There are many factors that influence your health. You want to address all of them through your workplace wellness program.
In the workplace, employee health is determined by individual and organizational practices as well as the larger community where the organization is located. The workplace wellness program must address all three levels of employee health in order to be holistic.
Individual Health Determinants
According to researchers, up to 40% of an individual’s health is determined by their individual determinants. Individual health is affected by biology, genetics and age. These physiological determinants of health are responsible for 10% of an individual’s overall health, according to researchers.
Research has also shown that a person’s childhood experiences can have an impact on their adult health. Trauma in childhood can have a negative impact on adult health.
How healthy someone is depends on their lifestyle, health habits, and coping skills. These factors could be responsible for as much as 40% of an individual’s health, according to researchers.
Traditional approaches to workplace wellness have tended to be focused on personal health and lifestyle factors, and specific health practices.
Organization Determinants for Health
Research has shown that health can also be affected by economic and social factors. These factors are often referred to as the social determinants. According to research, the social determinants affect between 15 and 40% of an individual’s health.
Employee health and well-being is directly affected by the management practices at work. Either management practices are beneficial or detrimental to employee health and well-being.
Employees’ health and well-being are clearly affected by their work environment. Evidence is abundant that the workplace has a direct impact on employee health and well-being. Many workplace factors have a profound impact on employee behavior, health, and well-being.
Why would employees expect to be healthy if the workplace is unhealthy? Effective, modern workplace wellness programs are focused on employee health as well as organizational health.
Community Determinants for Health
Employers and employees are not inseparable. Both are affected by the communities in which they live and work. The physical environment, such as air quality and water quality, is a key determinant of health. The social environment, as well as the cultural environment. Access to healthcare and social services are also part of the environment.
Healthy employees are good for employers, but healthy workplaces are better for the community. Employers that are seen as great places to work not only benefit, but the entire community. The community will thrive if there are more places to work.
Employers can also contribute to the health and well-being of the community through corporate social responsibility initiatives.
In the 21st Century, workplace wellness is not just about the employee’s health. Worksite wellness includes programming and interventions at both the community and organizational levels.